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As Diwali approaches in 2023, enthusiasts are thronging the markets for festive shopping. The five-day extravaganza begins with Dhanteras, a day considered auspicious for purchasing new metal items, particularly gold and silver.
The festival includes the observance of various rituals, with worship extended to Goddess Lakshmi and other deities. The pivotal day is Amavasya, the new moon day, dedicated to Lakshmi Puja, Lakshmi-Ganesh Puja, and Diwali Puja.
Five days of Diwali:
November 10: Dhanteras or Dhan Trayodashi
Drik Panchang indicates that the Dhanteras puja muhurat commences at 5:47 pm and concludes at 7:43 pm on November 10, lasting for 1 hour and 56 minutes. On this day, people worship Lord Kubera and Goddess Lakshmi and make new acquisitions.
November 11: Narak Chaturdashi, also known as Choti Diwali
This year, Narak Chaturdasi will commence on 11 November 2023 at 1:52 PM and will conclude on 12 November 2023 at 2:43 PM. Naraka Chaturdasi, also known as Chhoti Diwali, sees the ‘deepdaan shubh muhurat’ from 05:29 pm to 8:07 pm, according to according to Udaya Tithi.
November 12: Diwali
Homes are meticulously cleaned, decorated with lights and flowers, and families gather to perform puja, seeking her blessings for abundance and success. The exchange of sweets, gifts, and greetings adds to the festive spirit. According to Drik Panchang, the Lakshmi Puja muhurat on Diwali spans from 5:39 pm to 7:35 pm. This is the main festive day when Lakshmi Pujan takes place, marking the pinnacle of Diwali celebrations.
November 13: Govardhan Puja
The Govardhan Puja muhurat is from 06:43 am till 08:52 am. Celebrated a day after Diwali, this day involves the worship of Lord Krishna. Legend has it that Lord Krishna saved the residents of Mathura from Lord Indra by lifting the Govardhan mountain.
November 14: Bhai Dooj
The final day, Bhai Dooj, Bhaiya Dooj, or Bhau Beej, celebrates the special bond between brothers and sisters. Falling on November 14, the Aparahna time will last from 01:10 pm to 03:19 pm. It corresponds to the second day of the Shukla Paksha of the lunar calendar and shares similarities with Rakshabandhan.
However, there is some confusion regarding the dates of Govardhan and Bhai Dooj. According to Drik Panchang, both will be celebrated on November 14.